BitTorrent, an open-source protocol for peer-to-peer file sharing that is used to distribute large amounts of data over the Internet, was created to replace HTTP, which was originally implemented to move text and small images. However, the size of data sets moving across the Internet greatly exceeded what was imaginable with HTTP, which was introduced in the early 1990s. So, the BitTorrent protocol was introduced in 2001 to do the heavy lifting more efficiently, harnessing a distributed approach to data transfer. BitTorrent Inc. was established in 2004 to be custodians of the protocol, and to introduce additional protocols and software apps based on distributed technology.
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